Digital journalism comes from the combination of the words “journalism,” which has the meaning of presenting information and facts widely through mass media to the public, and the word “digital,” which is an abbreviated form of the word “in the network” (online), which can be interpreted as everything something related to technology and internet media.
Thus, digital journalism is a new method of presenting information and facts using the help or intermediary of internet technology. One example of the embodiment of online journalism is a weblog, or what is often referred to as a blog.
Digital journalism is any form of journalism that uses digital resources. Not only the Internet but also a source of digital TV and radio. The application of digital journalism is usually carried out mainly by journalists. Digital journalism is also seen as an old practice in a new context. Digital journalism can also be understood as using digital technology to create content for the general publicâ€”for example, websites, digital audio recorders, weblogs, etc.
However, to look again at digital journalism, namely the use of social media. Social media is seen as a means to collect and verify sources of information. The combined use of hardware and software can be a vehicle for delivering information through storytelling and storytelling. Journalistic publishing through social media is a sub-synthesis of digital journalism that has become a feature. Media companies are now using the Internet to convey information across multiple platforms. Today’s multimedia sites include a mix of blogs, digital videos, podcasts, photos, and more.
Paul Bradshaw says there are five core principles of online journalism. These principles consist of the English acronym B-A-S-I-C, namely â€“ Brevity â€“ Adaptability â€“ Scannability â€“ Interactivity â€“ Community and Conversation.’
Brief (Brevity). News should be concise and adapted to human life and its increasing activities. It is consistent with the famous “KISS” communication term: “Keep It Short and Simple.”
Adaptability or adaptability (Adaptability). Digital journalists must be able to adapt to the needs and preferences of the public. Technological advances allow journalists to take advantage of various opportunities to deliver the news. B. By providing sound, video, image, etc. formats in news articles.
It can be scanned (Scannability). To make it easy to read, online journalism websites must be reviewed so that readers do not need to read information or news.
Interactivity (Interactivity). Citizen-to-journalist communication in online journalism is made possible by broader access. Viewers can become users. It is essential. Because the more viewers are involved, the more appreciated and happy they are to read the news.
Community and conversation (Community and Conversation). Online media play a more significant role than print or traditional media: as a community network. Journalists are also required to provide feedback or feedback to the public in response to public interactions.
This type of digital journalism can be identified in two areas. Initial domains ranged from sites focused on editorial content to sites based on public connections. The second domain is displayed based on the level of participation offered by the news site. The four types of digital journalism are:
Mainstream News Sites. Examples of this type of digital journalism website are Detik.com, Astaga.com, and other newspaper pages. This site provides factual news and content with a low level of participatory communication.
Index and Category Sites. This type of digital journalism is often associated with search engine sites. This type of digital journalism provides viewers with various links on the World Wide Web. Examples are Google, Altavista, and Yahoo sites.
Meta and Comment Sites. This type of digital journalism, websites about news media and media issues in general, is sometimes referred to or associated with media watchdogs.
Share and Discussion Sites. This type of digital journalism includes websites that take advantage of the potential of internet technology as a forum and a means of exchanging ideas, stories, etc. The level of audience engagement for this type of digital journalism is very highâ€”for example, the sites Indymedia and Slashdot or Kaskus and Detik Forum.
Journalism activities search for, process, and transmit information or news as a journalism product. Now, people call it digital journalism, where a product of journalism is distributed through the Internet to all corners of the world.
Since the emergence of social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, people who work as journalists or large media have taken high-wire actions or the need to use social media to engage audiences in new and innovative ways, and audiences also have the power to do surveillance, comment and even as a content creator.
It can be concluded that the main philosophy in the study of digital journalism is the use of digital technology for the development of quality information and efforts to maintain the principles of responsible journalism to the public to spread the truth.
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